About Poland

For visitor  who come to visit  Poland, this may well be the beginning of a fascinating adventure of discovering Europe. Being invited to visit Poland means that you are invited to the European Union, of which Poland is an active member state. We encourage you to discover the European Union, which offers not only varied and interesting cultures and the opportunities associated with strong, innovative economies, but it also provides the very best conditions for successful higher education study in a challenging and friendly atmosphere. With top-quality, internationally recognised degrees, almost no other region in the world can set your career off to such a promising start. 

1) Official name: Republic of Poland (short form: Poland), Rzeczpospolita Polska (short form in Polish: Polska)

2) Official Language: Polish

3) Location: Central Europe. Poland borders Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania and Russia (the Kaliningrad exclave). Its northern border (440 km long) runs along the Baltic Sea coast.

4) Capital city: Warszawa (Warsaw: population 1.7 million / Warsaw agglomeration: 2.5 million)

5) Population: 38 million. Poland has the seventh largest population in Europe (omitting Russia), and the sixth largest in the European Union.

6) Time zone: Poland belongs to the Central European time zone (GMT + 1 hour / UTC + 1 hour), except for between the last Sunday in March and the last Sunday in October when it switches to daylight saving time.

7) Climate: The Polish climate is moderate continental, with relatively cold winters (from December to March) and hot summers which extend from June to August. January temperatures average -1°C  to -5°C . July and August average temperatures range from 16.5°C  to 19°C , though some days the temperature can reach even 35°C .

8) Currency: 1 zloty (PLN) = 100 groszy (current exchange rates: rate exchange)

9) Calling code: + 48; Internet domain: .pl

10) International  organisations: Poland is a member of the European Union (EU), the Schengen Area, North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), United Nations (UN), International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural  Organisation (UNESCO), United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), World Health Organisation (WHO), World Trade Organisation (WTO), Organisation for Cooperation and Development (OECD) and many others.

Main Polish cities: Use the links to read more 

Warszawa (Warsaw)
– the capital of Poland with over 1.7 million inhabitants. It is a business city, to which many Poles migrate searching for education and job opportunities. Thanks to its 50 plus higher education institutions, it has a vibrant spirit and constitutes an important scientific and cultural centre. The city was almost completely destroyed during World War II. Its present architectural landscape has largely been shaped by the years of communism (symbolized by the Palace of Science and Culture) and its entrepreneurial character (skyscrapers).
Kraków (Cracow)
the former seat of the royal family and capital of Poland until 1596. Its stunning architecture and treasures of art attract thousands of tourists each year. It is considered the cradle of the Polish science because the first Polish university, the Jagiellonian University, was founded here in 1364. Today, it is an important cultural and academic centre with over 730,000 residents.
Wrocław
– the fourth largest Polish city and the capital of Lower Silesia (Dolny Śląsk). Wrocław has a large, beautiful Old Town, whose unique atmosphere is a result of its rich history and astonishing location. It is situated on several islands that are surrounded by the Oder River and its tributaries. Wrocław is a city of students, known for music and theatre festivals, as well as its bustling nightlife.
The Tri-city Area of Gdansk, Sopot, and Gdynia
– a major Polish seaport. Together with Gdynia and Sopot it forms a metropolis called Tricity (Trójmiasto) with approximately 750,000 inhabitants. It has a beautiful Old Town reflecting its long and turbulent history. It used to be an important Hanseatic city and was owned alternately by Poland and Germany. It is also the city where World War II began and the birthplace of the Polish Solidarity movement.
Poznań
– one of the oldest and largest Polish cities. Thanks to its location on the Paris-Moscow route it has always been an important transport and trade centre. International Trade Fairs have been held here annually since 1925. Today, the city’s economic power peaks due to numerous foreign investments. This, together with a great number of universities and research institutes, makes it the second fastest developing city in Poland.
Łódź
– the third largest city in Poland in terms of the population, located in the centre of the country. In the 19th century it used to be the main industrial power of Poland thanks to its textile industry. Recently, however, it has been turning into a cultural centre, partly because of the Łódź Film School, an internationally renowned Polish film school where most famous Polish actors, cameramen and directors such as Roman Polanski and Andrzej Wajda learnt their profession. In total, the city has over 25 higher education institutions.

Old City of Zamość
Zamosc was founded in the 16th century by the chancellor Jan Zamoysky on the trade route linking western and northern Europe with the Black Sea. Modelled on Italian theories of the ‘ideal city’ and built by the architect Bernando Morando, a native of Padua, Zamosc is a perfect example of a late-16th-century Renaissance town. It has retained its original layout and fortifications and a large number of buildings that combine Italian and central European architectural traditions.

 

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